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Abnormal facial shape, and Feeding difficulties in infancy
Infantile Hemangioma - American Academy of Ophthalmology
Spontaneous facial motility in infancy: a 3D kinematic analysis.
The maintenance of binocular vision requires harmonious function of the visual sensory system, gaze centers, ocular motor nerves, neuromuscular junction, and ocular muscles. This chapter deals with nonparalytic strabismus, paralytic strabismus ophthalmoplegia , gaze palsies, ptosis, and nystagmus. The discussion of visual and pupillary disorders is in Chapter Many individuals have a latent tendency for ocular misalignment, heterophoria, which becomes apparent only under stress or fatigue. During periods of misalignment, the child may have diplopia or headache.
Early spontaneous orofacial movements have rarely been studied experimentally, though the motor experiences gained from these behaviors may influence the development of motor skills emerging for speech. This investigation quantitatively describes developmental changes in silent, spontaneous lip and jaw movements from 1 to 12 months of age using optically based 3D motion capture technology. Twenty-nine typically developing infants at five ages 1, 5, 7, 9, and 12 months were studied cross-sectionally. Infants exhibited spontaneous facial movements at all ages studied.